The Food and Drug Administration has approved rituximab plus hyaluronidase human for adult patients with follicular lymphoma (FL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

The combination product, to be marketed as Rituxan Hycela, is administered subcutaneously, shortening administration time to 5 to 7 minutes as compared with the several hours needed for intravenous infusion, the FDA said in a statement .

The combination is not indicated for the treatment of nonmalignant conditions.

Approval was based on noninferior rituximab trough concentrations for the subcutaneously administered combination, compared with intravenous rituximab, and comparable efficacy and safety results as shown in multiple randomized clinical trials.

The most common adverse events seen with the combination in patients with FL included infections, neutropenia, nausea, constipation, cough, and fatigue. In patients with DLBCL, the most common adverse events were infections, neutropenia, alopecia, nausea, and anemia; in CLL patients, infections, neutropenia, nausea, thrombocytopenia, pyrexia, vomiting, and injection site erythema occurred most commonly.

The combination is indicated for the following previously approved indications for rituximab:

The recommended doses are 1,400 mg rituximab and 23,400 units hyaluronidase human for FL and DLBCL and 1,600 mg rituximab and 26,800 units hyaluronidase human for CLL. The combination treatment should be initiated only after patients have received at least one full dose of a rituximab product by intravenous infusion, according to the prescribing information.

Rituxan Hycela is marketed by Genentech.


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