Infectious diseases

  • Mortality rate was 10-fold higher in opioid use disorder patients

    on April 27th, 2017
    FROM THE JOURNAL OF ADDICTION MEDICINE Individuals with opioid use disorder had a 10-fold higher mortality rate than the general population in a general health care setting, according to a study of 2,576 patients. When researchers examined the electronic health records of opioid use disorder patient[...]
  • Rotavirus vaccination in last decade cuts AGE hospitalization

    on April 27th, 2017
    FROM THE JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES There have been important reductions in hospitalization for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and mortality since licensure of rotavirus vaccines 10 years ago, even in low-income countries with high child mortality, according to a new analysis of data from 27 countr[...]
  • Start probiotics within 2 days of antibiotics to prevent CDI, study suggests

    on April 26th, 2017
    FROM GASTROENTEROLOGY Starting probiotics within 2 days of the first antibiotic dose could cut the risk of Clostridium difficile infection among hospitalized adults by more than 50%, according to the results of a systemic review and metaregression analysis. The protective effect waned when patients [...]
  • Medicine’s revenge against traveler’s diarrhea

    on April 26th, 2017
    Traveler’s diarrhea (TD) is the most common illness in people traveling from resource-advantaged countries to resource-limited regions of the globe. Approximately 50% of these types of travelers will contract diarrhea. I knew of a group of infectious disease experts traveling to India together –[...]
  • International travel vaccination updates

    on April 26th, 2017
    There are several things you should know about necessary vaccinations, and sometimes potential supply problems, if your families will be traveling internationally. Yellow fever and vaccine supply Yellow fever is caused by a Flavivirus transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. It occurs in sub[...]
  • WHO’s malaria pilot vaccine: No silver bullet, but a potential strike at malaria’s heart

    on April 25th, 2017
    EXPERT ANALYSIS FROM ECCMID 2017 VIENNA (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – The first malaria vaccine to enter a national pilot project is not a silver bullet against the disease that kills half a million every year, but it still might be powerful enough to significantly reduce global disease burden, and e[...]
  • After the epidemic, Ebola’s destructive power still haunts survivors

    on April 24th, 2017
    AT ECCMID 2017 VIENNA (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – The Ebola crisis may be over in Sierra Leone, but the suffering is not. The last patient from the epidemic was discharged in February 2016, but 78% of survivors now appear to have one or more sequelae of the infection. Some problems are mild, but so[...]
  • VHA warns of a ‘second epidemic’ of carbapenem-resistant E. cloacae complex

    on April 24th, 2017
    FROM EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES Veterans Health Administration monitoring of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) trends from 2006 to 2015 shows a rise in resistance rates of E. cloacae complex nationwide. The first major CRE outbreak, Klebsiella pneumoniae, occurred in the eastern United[...]
  • Sepsis survivors may have high risk for seizures

    on April 24th, 2017
    AT AAN 2017 BOSTON (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Survivors of sepsis face a significantly increased risk of seizures following an index hospitalization, regardless of any previous history of seizures or seizures occurring during hospitalization, according to findings from a retrospective, population-[...]
  • WHO report sets baseline for viral hepatitis elimination

    on April 23rd, 2017
    AT ILC 2017 AMSTERDAM (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – An estimated 328 million people worldwide were living with chronic hepatitis B or C virus infection in 2015 according to a new report issued by the World Health Organization and launched at the International Liver Congress sponsored by the European [...]
  • Monotherapy as good as combo for antibiotic-resistant infections in low-risk patients

    on April 23rd, 2017
    AT ECCMID 2017 VIENNA (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – A single, well-targeted antibiotic may be enough to effectively combat serous bloodstream infections in patients who have a low baseline mortality risk. Among these patients, overall mortality was similar among those receiving a single antibiotic an[...]
  • HIV demographics shifting in U.S.

    on April 22nd, 2017
    FROM AIDS CARE (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) The number of people living with diagnosed HIV in the United States will increase to 1,232,054 by 2045, up from 917,294 in 2013, according to projections based on the National HIV Surveillance System and U.S. census data. The number of people with HIV over age[...]
  • Ebola research update: March 2017

    on April 22nd, 2017
    The struggle to defeat Ebola virus disease continues globally, although it may not always make the headlines. To catch up on what you may have missed, here are some notable news items and journal articles published over the past few weeks that are worth a second look. Malaria parasite coinfections w[...]
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