Infectious diseases

  • AGA Clinical Practice Update: CommentEndoscope reprocessing guidelines fall short on preventing outbreaks

    on January 13th, 2017
    FROM GASTROENTEROLOGY While the 2016 Multi-Society Task Force Endoscope Reprocessing Guidelines are an improvement over the 2011 guidelines, some of its minor changes are unlikely to guarantee against prevention of future outbreaks, according to Susan Hutfless, PhD, and Anthony N. Kalloo, MD. “The[...]
  • Rhinovirus most often caused HA-VRIs in two hospitals

    on January 13th, 2017
    FROM JOURNAL OF THE PEDIATRIC INFECTIOUS DISEASES SOCIETY Health care–associated viral respiratory infections (HA-VRIs) were common in two pediatric hospitals, with rhinovirus the most frequent cause of the infections in a 3-year analysis. The incidence rate of laboratory-confirmed HA-VRIs was 1.2[...]
  • Ebola research update: December 2016

    on January 13th, 2017
    The struggle to defeat Ebola virus disease continues globally, although it may not always make the headlines. To catch up on what you may have missed, here are some notable news items and journal articles published over the past few weeks that are worth a second look. The rVSV-ZEBOV recombinant vacc[...]
  • Streptococcal pneumonia’s resistance to macrolides increasing

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM IDWEEK 2016 The incidence of resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae to the macrolide azithromycin – one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics for treating pneumonia – was almost 50% in 2014, according to a report by Kara Keedy, PhD, executive director of microbiology at Cempra Pharmac[...]
  • Understanding SSTI admission, treatment crucial to reducing disease burden

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM HOSPITAL PRACTICE Decreasing the burden of treating skin and soft tissue infections is critical to improving care and reducing the costs that SSTIs place on health care facilities, according to a study published in Hospital Practice. “Despite expert panel recommendations and treatment guideli[...]
  • Surgical discharge data highlight stewardship need at transition

    on January 12th, 2017
    AT IDWEEK 2016 NEW ORLEANS (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Most antibiotic prescriptions written at the time of patient discharge at an academic hospital were inappropriate, according to a retrospective review of 2014 discharge data. These drugs were prescribed despite the existence of a robust inpatie[...]
  • HIV research update: Late December 2016

    on January 11th, 2017
    A great volume of HIV and AIDS research enters the medical literature every month. It’s difficult to monitor everything, so here’s a quick look at some notable news items and journal articles published over the past few weeks. Liver stiffness is very accurate for predicting liver-related events [...]
  • When to discontinue contact precautions for patients with MRSA

    on January 10th, 2017
    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a common hospital-acquired infection with significant morbidity and mortality. The CDC currently recommends contact precautions as a mainstay to prevent transmission of MRSA in health care settings. Most hospitals routinely screen patients for MR[...]
  • Lab values poor surrogate for detecting pediatric Rocky Mountain spotted fever in children

    on January 10th, 2017
    FROM PEDIATRIC DERMATOLOGY The three fatalities observed in a retrospective analysis of six cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) in children were associated with either a delayed diagnosis pending laboratory findings or delayed antirickettsia treatment. “The fact that all fatal cases died [...]
  • Historic HIV vaccine efficacy study underway in South Africa

    on January 10th, 2017
    The first HIV vaccine efficacy study to launch anywhere in 7 years is testing whether an experimental vaccine safely prevents HIV infection among South African adults. According to an announcement by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a cofunder of the trial and part of the U[...]
  • High levels of flu activity in 10 U.S. states

    on January 9th, 2017
    The 2016-2017 flu season shifted into high gear at the end of calendar year 2016, as four states were reported to be at the highest level of flu activity and six others were close behind, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For the week ending Dec. 31, 2016, Georgia, New Jer[...]
  • Adolescents, boys, black children most likely to be hospitalized in SJS and TEN

    on January 9th, 2017
    FROM PEDIATRIC DERMATOLOGY Annual hospitalization rates in the United States for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) were shown to be higher in adolescents, boys, and black children, in a cross-sectional analysis of discharge records from more than 4,100 hospitals. Us[...]
  • United States about to top 40,000 Zika cases

    on January 9th, 2017
    The number of pregnant women with laboratory evidence of Zika infection jumped up a bit at the end of 2016, and the United States approached 40,000 Zika cases among all Americans at the beginning of the new year, according to reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There were 18[...]
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