Primary Care

  • Screen opioid users for depression, study recommends

    on January 13th, 2017
    FROM THE JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS Depression combined with chronic opioid analgesic use involves more symptoms and comorbidities than depression without chronic opioid use, according to a study of Department of Veterans Affairs patients seen between 2000 and 2012. “Screening and treatment of[...]
  • Oral, liquid supplement improves clinical outcomes in lactose-intolerant adults

    on January 13th, 2017
    FROM THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES OF SCIENCE Adults with self-reported lactose intolerance were shown to have significant improvement in their clinical outcomes, including abdominal pain, after consuming an oral, liquid supplement intended to increase lactose-fermenting gut bacteria, M.[...]
  • High consumption of red meat increases diverticulitis risk in men

    on January 13th, 2017
    FROM GUT Men who consume higher quantities of red meat are at an increased risk of developing diverticulitis, especially if they’re eating unprocessed red meat, according to a new study published in Gut. “In our prior analysis from a large prospective cohort study, the Health Professionals Follo[...]
  • Smoking-cessation interest and success vary by race, ethnicity

    on January 12th, 2017
    Just over 55% of adult cigarette smokers made an attempt to quit in the past year, and 7.4% said that they recently quit, according to investigators from the Centers or Disease Control and Prevention. Data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) show that 68% of cigarette smokers were [...]
  • Most cigarette smokers attempt to quit without evidence-based techniques

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM MMWR More than half of cigarette smokers have received advice to quit from a health care professional, but less than a third used medication or counseling in their cessation attempt, according to investigators from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2015, just over 57% of adult [...]
  • Statin use increases risk of herpes zoster

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM THE BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY Exposure to statins can significantly increase the odds of developing herpes zoster (HZ), according to a study published in the British Journal of Dermatology. “The mechanisms by which statins may increase the risk of HZ are not established. As statins are c[...]
  • Early procalcitonin testing reduced ICU costs for sepsis patients

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM CHEST Procalcitonin (PCT) testing on the first day of ICU admission for adult patients with sepsis is associated with reduced length of stay, less antibiotic exposure, and reduced hospital and pharmacy costs, Robert A. Balk, MD, and his associates reported. The researchers analyzed data on more[...]
  • Older adults can sustain asymptomatic cervical fractures

    on January 11th, 2017
    HOLLYWOOD, FLA. (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Silent cervical fractures may be common among older trauma patients, a retrospective study has determined. The 4-year review found that 21% of older patients with a confirmed C-spine fracture reported no pain on history or physical exam, and that 76% of t[...]
  • Type 2 risk increases with number of GDM pregnancies

    on January 11th, 2017
    FROM OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) In women with prior mild gestational diabetes, subsequent pregnancies did not increase the frequency of metabolic syndrome but did increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a review of 426 women 5-10 years after a GDM pregnancy. The [...]
  • Nutrition expert to heart patients: ‘Eat some cheese’

    on January 10th, 2017
    EXPERT ANALYSIS FROM THE AHA SCIENTIFIC SESSIONS NEW ORLEANS (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – While many Americans have been dithering over the relative health benefits of high- versus low-carbohydrate diets, various pop-culture weight loss programs, vegetarianism, gluten-free living, and other nutritio[...]
  • Survey: Docs see health care improvements as unlikely in 2017

    on January 10th, 2017
    Physicians appear to be quite pessimistic about the chances for improving health care quality, costs, and access in 2017, according to a survey conducted by InCrowd, a market insights technology firm. Of the 150 physicians who responded to the 3-minute “mobile microsurvey” conducted on Dec. 4, 2[...]
  • The Barbershop Study: Hypertension causes nocturia

    on January 10th, 2017
    AT THE AHA SCIENTIFIC SESSIONS NEW ORLEANS (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Uncontrolled systolic hypertension is a strong independent determinant of nocturia in middle-aged African American men, O’Neil Mason, MD, reported at the American Heart Association scientific sessions. This finding from the on[...]
  • Historic HIV vaccine efficacy study underway in South Africa

    on January 10th, 2017
    The first HIV vaccine efficacy study to launch anywhere in 7 years is testing whether an experimental vaccine safely prevents HIV infection among South African adults. According to an announcement by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a cofunder of the trial and part of the U[...]
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