Physician groups continue to push back against a Republican plan to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act following a Congressional Budget Office analysis that showed up to 24 million patients would not be insured under the plan.
According to the CBO analysis , 14 million more patients would become uninsured in the first year of the American Health Care Act than under current law, with most dropping coverage because of the repeal of the ACA’s individual health insurance mandate.
By 2020, an additional 7 million patients would lose coverage largely because of the bill’s rollback of expansion in favor of a per capita allotment to states to cover their Medicaid population.
“In 2026, an estimated 52 million would be uninsured, compared with 28 million who would lack insurance that year under current law,” according to the CBO analysis.
The increase in uninsured patients does not sit well with physician leaders.
American Medical Association President Andrew Gurman, MD, called the uptick in uninsured “unacceptable.”
“While the Affordable Care Act was an imperfect law, it was a significant improvement on the status quo at the time, and the AMA believes we need continued progress to expand coverage for the uninsured. Unfortunately, the current proposal – as the CBO analysis shows – would result in the most vulnerable population losing their coverage,” Dr. Gurman said in a statement.
Likewise, the American Osteopathic Association voiced its objections to the GOP proposal.
“The AOA urges Congress to halt any further progression of the American Health Care Act as written and take a more comprehensive approach that addresses such systemic issues while providing stability for the insurance marketplace and the millions of Americans who rely on it for coverage,” President Boyd Buser, DO, said in a statement.
According to the CBO analysis, the individual health insurance market “would probably be stable in most areas under either current law or the legislation.” However, there could be large premium increases for some patients, based on age group.
Tom Price, MD, secretary of the Department of Health & Human Services, criticized the CBO projections.
“The CBO report’s coverage numbers defy logic,” he said in a statement. “They project that zeroing out the individual mandate – allowing Americans to choose whether to have insurance – will result in 14 million Americans opting out of coverage in 1 year. For there to be the reductions in coverage they project in just the first year, they assume 5 million Americans on Medicaid will drop off of health insurance for which they pay very little, and another 9 million will stop participating in the individual and employer markets. These types of assumptions do not translate to the real world, and they do not accurately estimate the effects of this bill.”
Rep. Kevin Brady (R-Texas), chairman of the House Ways & Means Committee, also disputed the increase in the uninsured population.
“The American Health Care Act is a dramatic departure from Obamacare, which forced Americans to buy expensive, one-size-fits-all health insurance,” Chairman Brady said in a statement. “Our legislation gives individuals and families the freedom to access health care options that are tailored to the needs, not Washington’s.”
Rep. Brady and Dr. Price also pointed out that the AHCA is just the first step of a three-step process, which will include a review of ACA regulations as well as passage of further legislation aimed at providing high quality care at lower costs. However, those cannot be scored by CBO as those details have yet to be released, the GOP leaders pointed out.
The CBO analysis predicts that premiums for those buying insurance in the individual marketplace would increase of 15%-20% from 2018 to 2019, but starting in 2020, average premiums are expected to decrease from states using federal government funds to help offset costs from high users of health care and more younger people coming into the health insurance market.
“By 2026, average premiums for single policyholders in the nongroup market under the legislation would be roughly 10% lower than under current law,” according to the analysis, although since the law allows for higher premiums for older individuals, the congressional budget watchdog sees the provisions of the AHCA as “substantially reducing premiums for young adults and substantially raising premiums for older people.”
The CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would reduce federal deficits by $337 billion over the 2017-2026 period, mainly from reductions in Medicaid spending and the elimination of the current premium subsidies, though the deficit reduction is somewhat offset by the refundable premium tax credits that replace the ACA’s subsidies.