The Food and Drug Administration has received 414 reports of cases of breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL), including nine deaths.
This figure includes all medical device reports received by the agency between 2011 and September 2017. The FDA recently provided an update on ALCL linked to breast implants and an estimate of lifetime risk of developing ALCL.
Based on available medical literature, the lifetime risk of developing BIA-ALCL for patients with textured breast implants ranges from 1 in 3,817 to 1 in 30,000, according to the update.
Of the 272 reports with data on surface type, 242 were textured implants and 30 were smooth implants. In addition, 413 reports include information on the implant fill type: 234 used silicone gel and 179 were saline filled.
“The FDA has been closely tracking the relationship between breast implants and a rare type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma since we first identified this possible association. We’ve been working to gather additional information to better characterize and quantify the risk so that patients and providers can have more informed discussions about breast implants,” said Binita Ashar, MD, director of the division of surgical devices in the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “As part of that effort, we are working to update and enhance the information we have on this association, including updating the total number of known cases of BIA-ALCL and the lifetime risk of developing BIA-ALCL as reported in medical literature.”
The possible association between breast implants and the development of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) was first identified in 2011. At that time, there were not enough cases of to determine what factors increased a patient’s risk of developing the disease. As more information became available, the World Health Organization designated BIA-ALCL as a T-cell lymphoma that can develop following breast implants.