SAN DIEGO, May 10, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Oxycontin was first introduced in 1995. It is a Schedule II controlled drug used in the treatment of severe pain disorders. Oxycontin is a long acting form of Oxycodone, the medication's active ingredient. Today, various forms of oxycontin are available.

Besides pain, oxycontin can decrease anxiety, cause euphoria, mental relaxation, constipation, and suppression of cough. It can also be used to treat moderate to severe pain associated with trauma, injuries, muscle pain, dislocations, fractures, arthritis, lower back pain, and pain associated with cancer.

The drug is a powerful pain killer and widely used in clinical medicine. Because of its mood altering effects, Oxycontin, like morphine, can be abused become an addiction. Illegal possession can be subject to criminal prosecution. Over the past decade, Oxycontin has become a popular drug and its mood altering effects has led to a significant increase in illegal usage and drug addiction.

The 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health showed that people aged 18-25 were the most likely to report ever having abused oxycodone (9.9%) compared to 6% of people 26 and older. The Monitoring the Future Survey, funded by NIDA, found that about 1 in 30 high school seniors has abused OxyContin at least once.

Since the introduction of Oxycontin in 1995, there has been a dramatic increase in abuse and addiction of this narcotic. The drug is easily abused by simply crushing the tablets and either injecting it, snorting or swallowing it. The drug can have serious side effects when injected as it has a prolonged effect that can't always be gauged correctly.

The increased misuse of the drug has led to a numerous emergency room admissions and even deaths. Many States have introduced legislation to decrease the illegal use of Oxycontin. Numerous States have also introduced prescription monitoring and banned the sale of the drug over the internet.

Common side effects of Oxycontin include constipation, nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, sleepiness, tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, weakness, itching, headache, dry mouth, sweating, and decreases in the ability to feel pain. Serious side effects of Oxycontin include respiratory depression, apnea (stopped breathing), respiratory arrest, circulatory depression, hypotension (low blood pressure), shock, and death.

Like other narcotics, oxycontin can be fatal at high doses or when combined with other brain depressants such as alcohol.

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