In the last 12 months, 12 actively recruiting trials examining chronic myeloid leukemia have been listed at clinicaltrials.gov.
Most of these trials examine the efficacy of various tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), but one trial called The LAST Study seeks to determine what happens to patients after TKIs – those patients who have undetectable BCR-ABL by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for at least 2 years. The goal of this study is to improve decision making for TKI discontinuation, and patients will be closely monitored for molecular recurrence, testing them monthly for 6 months, then every other month for 24 months, and quarterly until 36 months. Patients who have molecular chronic myelogenous leukemia recurrence will restart TKIs and will continue to be monitored for disease status and patient-reported health status.
All study participants must currently be taking a TKI for at least 3 years and have documented undetectable BCR-ABL by PCR for at least 2 years. Two screening PCRs must have been completed with results less than MR4.5. Participation is not limited by the number of TKIs, but no participant can be resistant to any TKI, and patients need to have been compliant with therapy. Patients with prior stem cell transplants are excluded, as are patients with less than 36 months life expectancy and pregnant or lactating women.
Click here to learn more about The LAST Study .