Consumption of nuts and peanuts was associated with a reduced risk of both overall mortality and death due to cardiovascular disease, Dr. Hung N. Luu and associates of the Division of Epidemiology at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine reported.

A study of three large cohorts of low-income participants in the southeastern United States and Shanghai, China, found a 21% reduction in total mortality risk in participants with high nut consumption in the U.S. group, and a total mortality risk reduction of 17% in participants in the China group. Additionally, all groups saw a significantly reduced risk for cardiovascular disease death in those with the highest nut consumption, with a significant inverse association for ischemic heart disease in all ethnic groups (HR = 0.62 in black patients; HR = 0.60 in white patients; and HR = 0.70 in Asian patients), the investigators noted.

“The findings highlight a substantive public health impact of nut/peanut consumption in lowering CVD mortality” due to the affordability and accessibility of peanuts to people of all socioeconomic backgrounds, Dr. Luu and co-authors said in the paper.

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