Insmed Announces Positive Top-Line Results from Phase 3 CONVERT Study of ALIS (Amikacin Liposome Inhalation Suspension) in Adult Patients with Treatment-Refractory Nontuberculous Mycobacterial (NTM) Lung Disease Caused by Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)

  • Study met primary endpoint of culture conversion (p< 0.0001)
  • Positive top-line results from global Phase 3 controlled study in patients with NTM, a rare, progressive, destructive lung infection
  • Company plans to pursue accelerated approval and request priority review
  • Company to host conference call today at 8:30 am EDT

BRIDGEWATER, N.J., Sept. 05, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Insmed Incorporated (Nasdaq:INSM), a global biopharmaceutical company focused on the unmet needs of patients with rare diseases, today announced top-line data from its Phase 3 CONVERT study.

Top-Line Efficacy Data

The global CONVERT study met its primary endpoint of culture conversion by Month 6 with statistical and clinical significance.  The study demonstrated that the addition of ALIS to guideline-based therapy (GBT) eliminated evidence of NTM lung disease caused by MAC in sputum by Month 6 in 29% of patients, compared to 9% of patients on GBT alone (p <0.0001). The trial was powered to detect a treatment effect of 15% between the two treatment groups.  The CONVERT study enrolled 336 adult patients with NTM lung disease caused by MAC who were refractory to at least six months of GBT.  Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive ALIS plus GBT versus GBT alone.  The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving culture conversion by Month 6. 

Insmed plans to pursue accelerated approval of ALIS under subpart H based on the data from the CONVERT study, which will be reviewed by the Division of Anti-Infective Products.  FDA previously granted this product breakthrough therapy designation and fast track status and designated ALIS as a qualified infectious disease product (QIDP) under the Generating Antibiotic Incentives Now (GAIN) Act. 

“We consider these compelling top-line data to be a remarkable accomplishment in a rare disease state with no currently approved therapies,” said Will Lewis, President and Chief Executive Officer of Insmed. “We are particularly encouraged by the consistency of these data when compared with our Phase 2 study results, and look forward to additional data as the CONVERT study continues over the next two years.  We want to thank all the patients who participated in this trial around the world as well as the physicians who supported them.  Treatment of this serious and potentially debilitating disease is an unmet medical need, and we expect these important data will enable us to submit for accelerated approval.”

The Company also reported top-line data for several secondary endpoints as of the 6-month timepoint.  Top-line data for the 6-minute walk test indicates no statistically significant difference between patients in the two arms.  However, an analysis of these data (per a pre-specified endpoint) shows that patients who achieved culture conversion in either arm demonstrated an improvement in 6-minute walk distance when compared to patients who did not culture convert (p=0.0108).  Top-line data for the secondary endpoint of time to conversion demonstrated that patients on GBT took approximately 30% longer to convert when compared to patients on ALIS plus GBT (p<0.0001).  The Company is continuing its analysis of the impact of conversion on a variety of other clinical measures.

“I am extremely pleased with and impressed by the culture conversion results that ALIS demonstrated in treatment-refractory patients with NTM lung disease caused by MAC.  The eradication of MAC is the first and most important goal for treatment of patients with MAC lung disease,” said David Griffith, M.D., Professor of Medicine, W.A and E.B. Moncrief Distinguished Professor at The University of Texas Health Sciences Center and Principal Investigator in the CONVERT study.  “I am not only encouraged by the higher conversion rate, but also by the faster time to conversion and safety profile of patients in the ALIS arm of the study.  Although it is not a parameter routinely used in clinical practice, I also find it encouraging that patients who achieved culture conversion showed improvement in 6-minute walk distance, a quality of life parameter, as was seen in a prior ALIS study.” 

"Today marks an important advance in our quest to bring a safe and effective treatment to patients who suffer from NTM lung disease caused by MAC.  This represents the first ever global Phase 3 controlled study in patients with NTM, a rare, progressive and destructive infection that is associated with irreversible lung damage and increased rates of mortality," said Paul Streck, M.D., Chief Medical Officer of Insmed. "The current guideline-based therapy to which we were compared in this study is not approved for the treatment of this disease, but is generally regarded as the best available option for these patients.  Our drug candidate, ALIS, delivers high levels of an aminoglycoside directly to the lung macrophages and pulmonary tissue where the infection resides, and we believe this accounts for the significant impact on conversion that the drug demonstrated in these trial results.”

Safety and Tolerability

In the study, serious treatment emergent adverse events were similar between treatment arms.  There were no distinctions between treatment arms due to hearing loss or renal impairment, side effects commonly associated with intravenous use of amikacin.  The overall dropout rate was 16.1%, with an 8.9% dropout rate in the GBT arm and a 19.6% rate in the ALIS plus GBT arm.  Overall the rate of reported adverse events in the ALIS plus GBT arm was higher and these events were predominately mild or moderate in nature and generally declined after the second month of treatment.  These findings are consistent with the Phase 2 study results and demonstrate adverse events similar to those seen in other clinical studies of inhaled antibiotics.

Patients Reporting Serious Treatment Emergent Adverse Events >3% in Either Arm 2:1 Randomization 
  ALIS + GBT (n=223) GBT  (n=112)
Patients Reporting At least One Serious Treatment Emergent Adverse Event 20.2% (45) 17.9% (20)
System Organ ClassPreferred Term   
Respiratory, Thoracic, Mediastinal Disorders 11.7% (26) 9.8% (11)
 Hemoptysis2.7% (6) 4.5% (5)
 COPD (exacerbation)3.1% (7) 0.9% (1)
Infections and Infestations 9.0% (20) 5.4% (6)
 Pneumonia3.6% (8) 1.8% (2)
Cardiac Disorders 0.4% (1) 4.5% (5)
Patient Deaths 2.7% (6) 4.5% (5)

Conference Call

Insmed will host a conference call beginning today at 8:30 am Eastern Time. Shareholders and other interested parties may participate in the conference call by dialing (844) 707-0669 (domestic) or (703) 639-1223 (international) and referencing conference ID number 79817122.  The call will also be webcast live on the company’s website. 

To access the live webcast, or the subsequent archived recording, visit the Investors section of the Insmed website at The webcast will be available for replay on Insmed’s website for two weeks following the call.

About NTM Lung Disease

NTM is a rare and serious disorder associated with increased rates of morbidity and mortality. There is an increasing prevalence of lung disease caused by NTM, and we believe it is an emerging public health concern worldwide. Patients with NTM lung disease may experience a multitude of symptoms such as fever, weight loss, cough, lack of appetite, night sweats, blood in the sputum, and fatigue. Patients with NTM lung disease frequently require lengthy hospital stays to manage their condition.   We are not aware of any approved inhaled therapies specifically indicated for refractory NTM lung disease caused by MAC in North America, Japan or Europe.  Current guideline-based approaches involve use of multi-drug regimens not approved for the treatment of NTM lung disease, and treatment can be as long as two years or more.

The prevalence of human disease attributable to NTM has increased over the past two decades. In a decade long study (1997 to 2007), researchers found that the prevalence of NTM in the US was increasing at approximately 8% per year and that NTM patients on Medicare over the age of 65 were 40% more likely to die over the period of the study than those who did not have the disease. In the US, we estimate there will be between 75,000 and 105,000 patients with diagnosed NTM lung disease in 2018, of which we expect 40,000 to 50,000 will be treated for NTM lung disease caused by MAC.  We expect that between 10,000 and 15,000 of these patients will be refractory to treatment.  In Japan, we estimate there will be between 125,000 and 145,000 patients with diagnosed NTM lung disease in 2018, with approximately 60,000 to 70,000 of those patients being treated for NTM lung disease caused by MAC and 15,000 to 18,000 of these treated patients being refractory to treatment. We also estimate there will be approximately 14,000 patients with diagnosed NTM lung disease in the EU5 (comprised of France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom) in 2018, of which we estimate approximately 4,400 will be treated for NTM lung disease caused by MAC and approximately 1,400 of these treated patients will be refractory to treatment.   

About ALIS

ALIS is a novel, inhaled, once daily formulation of amikacin that is in late-stage clinical development for adult patients with treatment-refractory NTM lung disease caused by MAC. Amikacin solution for parenteral administration is an established drug that has activity against a variety of NTM; however, its use is limited by the need to administer it intravenously and by toxicity to hearing, balance, and kidney function. Insmed's advanced pulmonary liposome technology uses charge neutral liposomes to deliver amikacin directly to the lung where it is taken up by the lung macrophages where the NTM infection resides. This prolongs the release of amikacin in the lungs while minimizing systemic exposure thereby offering the potential for decreased systemic toxicities. ALIS’s ability to deliver high levels of amikacin directly to the lung distinguishes it from intravenous amikacin. ALIS is administered once daily using an optimized, investigational eFlow® Nebulizer System manufactured by PARI Pharma GmbH (PARI), a portable aerosol delivery system.


CONVERT is a randomized, open-label, global Phase 3 trial designed to confirm the culture conversion results seen in Insmed’s Phase 2 clinical trial of ALIS in patients with refractory NTM lung disease caused by MAC. CONVERT is being conducted in 18 countries at more than 125 sites. The primary efficacy endpoint is the proportion of patients who achieve culture conversion at Month 6 in the ALIS plus GBT arm compared to the GBT-only arm.  Patients who achieve culture conversion by Month 6 will continue in the CONVERT study for an additional 12 months of treatment following the first monthly negative sputum culture. Patients who do not culture convert have the option of enrolling in our INS-312 study. INS-312 is a single-arm open-label study where patients will receive ALIS plus GBT for 12 months.

About Insmed

Insmed Incorporated is a global biopharmaceutical company focused on the unmet needs of patients with rare diseases. Our lead product candidate is ALIS for adult patients with treatment refractory NTM lung disease caused by MAC, which is a rare and often chronic infection that is capable of causing irreversible lung damage and can be fatal. We are not aware of any approved inhaled therapies specifically indicated for refractory NTM lung disease caused by MAC in North America, Japan or Europe.  Insmed's earlier-stage clinical pipeline includes INS1007, a novel oral reversible inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase 1 with therapeutic potential in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, and INS1009, an inhaled nanoparticle formulation of a treprostinil prodrug that may offer a differentiated product profile for rare pulmonary disorders, including pulmonary arterial hypertension. For more information, visit

Forward-looking Statements

This press release contains forward looking statements. "Forward-looking statements," as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, are statements that are not historical facts and involve a number of risks and uncertainties.  Words herein such as "may," "will," "should," "could," "would," "expects," "plans," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "projects," "predicts," "intends," "potential," "continues," and similar expressions (as well as other words or expressions referencing future events, conditions or circumstances) may identify forward-looking statements.

The forward-looking statements in this press release are based upon the Company’s current expectations and beliefs, and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause the Company’s actual results, performance and achievements and the timing of certain events to differ materially from the results, performance, achievements or timing discussed, projected, anticipated or indicated in any forward-looking statements. Such factors include, among others: risks that the full six-month data from the CONVERT study or subsequent data from the remainder of the study’s treatment and off-treatment phases will not be consistent with the top-line six-month results of the study; uncertainties in the research and development of our existing product candidates, including due to delays in data readouts, such as the full data from the CONVERT study, patient enrollment and retention or failure of our preclinical studies or clinical trials to satisfy pre-established endpoints, including secondary endpoints in the CONVERT study and endpoints in the INS-312 study; lack of safety and efficacy of our product candidates; failure to develop, or to license for development, additional product candidates, including a failure to attract experienced third-party collaborators; failure to obtain, or delays in obtaining, regulatory approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration, Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, the European Medicines Agency, and other regulatory authorities for our product candidates or their delivery devices, including due to insufficient clinical data or selection of endpoints that are not satisfactory to regulators, complexity in the review process for combination products or inadequate or delayed data from a human factors study required for U.S. regulatory approval; lack of experience in conducting and managing preclinical development activities and clinical trials necessary for regulatory approval, including the regulatory filing and review process; failure of third parties on which we are dependent to conduct our clinical trials, to manufacture sufficient quantities of our product candidates for clinical or commercial needs, or to comply with our agreements or laws and regulations that impact our business; failure to comply with license agreements that are critical for our product development, including our license agreements with PARI Pharma GmbH and AstraZeneca AB; inaccuracies in our estimate of the size of the potential markets for our product candidates; failure to maintain regulatory approval for our product candidates, if received, due to a failure to satisfy post-approval regulatory requirements, such as the submission of sufficient data from confirmatory clinical trials; uncertainties in the rate and degree of market acceptance of product candidates, if approved; uncertainties in the timing, scope and rate of reimbursement for our product candidates; competitive developments affecting our product candidates; inaccurate estimates regarding our future capital requirements, including those necessary to fund our ongoing clinical development, regulatory and commercialization efforts as well as milestone payments or royalties owed to third parties; inability to repay our existing indebtedness or to obtain additional financing when needed; failure to obtain, protect and enforce our patents and other intellectual property; inability to create an effective direct sales and marketing infrastructure or to partner with third parties that offer such an infrastructure for distribution of our product candidates, if approved; the cost and potential reputational damage resulting from litigation to which we are a party, including, without limitation, the class action lawsuit pending against us; failure to comply with the laws and regulations that impact our business; loss of key personnel; and changes in laws and regulations applicable to our business, including those related to pricing and reimbursement of our product candidates.  

For additional information about the risks and uncertainties that may affect our business, please see the factors discussed in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

The Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. The Company disclaims any obligation, except as specifically required by law and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, to publicly update or revise any such statements to reflect any change in expectations or in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements may be based, or that may affect the likelihood that actual results will differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. 

CONTACT: Investor Contact:

Blaine Davis
Vice President, Head of Investor Relations
Insmed Incorporated
(908) 947-2841