MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif., April 18, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- ChemoCentryx, Inc., (Nasdaq:CCXI), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing orally-administered therapeutics to treat autoimmune diseases, inflammatory disorders, and cancer, today announced the presentation of data from its immuno-oncology program at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) 2016 Annual Meeting, being held April 16-20, 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana. The preclinical data highlight the synergistic effect of employing an antibody against the checkpoint inhibitor PD-L1 in conjunction with CCX9588, in a model of triple negative breast cancer. CCX9588 is a small molecule inhibitor of the chemokine receptor known as CCR1 and is currently in preclinical development for certain oncology indications targeting both solid and liquid tumors.
The preclinical results were presented in a poster titled, “Combination therapy of chemokine receptor inhibition plus PD-L1 blockade potentiates anti-tumor effects in a murine model of breast cancer” (Abstract #3298, April 17, 1:00 to 5:00 p.m. ET, Session: Immune Modulating Agents 1, Convention Center, Halls G-J, Poster Section 26).
The presentation from the Company's ongoing preclinical research investigating the effects of combining CCX9588 with an anti-PD-L1 antibody includes the following results and data:
- The combination of CCX9588 and the anti-PD-L1 antibody (“Combination Treatment”) significantly decreased circulating and tumor infiltrating granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells, or G-MDSC’s.
- G-MDSCs are known to be responsible for the induction of an immunosuppressive environment around the growing tumor, as well as a metastatic phenotype in primary tumors which can lead to the early dissemination of cancer cells.
- G-MDSCs were demonstrated to be attracted by chemokines produced by the breast cancer cells, and directed migration of the G-MDSCs were shown to be specifically blocked by inhibiting CCR1 with CCX9588.
- Combination Treatment increased the number of effector T cells in the tumor infiltrate, which is known to have an anti-cancer effect.
- Overall tumor size and progression was also significantly reduced by the Combination Treatment.
“These results suggest that an orally-administered CCR1 inhibitor, such as CCX9588, combined with an antibody against the checkpoint inhibitor PD-L1, may be of utility in treating triple negative breast cancer, which we modeled in these experiments,” said Pirow Bekker, MD, PhD, Chief Medical Officer, ChemoCentryx. “These data reveal an important role for the chemokine receptor CCR1 in modulating the suppressive nature of the tumor microenvironment, and suggest that blocking CCR1 could significantly help to unleash the potential of the body’s own immune system to attack cancer.”
About the ChemoCentryx Immuno-Oncology Program
Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are thought to possess an immunosuppressive behavior, effectively helping tumors hide from the body's natural cytotoxic immune response to tumor cells. These cells are thought to express chemokine receptors such CCR1 and CCR2 and are guided to the tumor microenvironment by the action of these receptors. Inhibiting CCR1 and CCR2 may lead to a reduction of MDSCs in the tumor microenvironment, and the concomitant liberation of the cytotoxic immune response against tumor cells, reduced tumor burden, and potentially lead to improved patient survival.
The Company currently has an ongoing clinical trial of CCX872, an inhibitor of the chemokine receptor known as CCR2, in patients with non-resectable pancreatic cancer. In addition, the Company is conducting preclinical research with various chemokine receptor inhibitors in combination with checkpoint inhibitors, such as those inhibiting the PD-L1 pathway, which may result in a greater anti-tumor effect than with checkpoint inhibition alone. CCX9588 is a small molecule inhibitor of CCR1 and is currently in preclinical development for certain oncology indications targeting both solid and liquid tumors.
ChemoCentryx, Inc. is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing orally-administered therapeutics that target the chemokine and chemoattractant systems in order to treat autoimmune diseases, inflammatory disorders and cancer. The chemokine system is a biological network that regulates inflammation via a collection of secreted chemokine molecules, or ligands, and their specific cell surface receptors. Based on its proprietary drug discovery and drug development platform, ChemoCentryx has generated multiple clinical and preclinical-stage programs, each targeting distinct chemokine and chemoattractant receptors with different small molecule compounds. CCX168, a C5aR inhibitor, is in Phase II development for the treatment of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). CCX168 appears to be safe, well tolerated and successful in allowing reduction and elimination of high-dose steroids, part of standard of care for AAV patients, without compromising efficacy or safety in clinical studies to date.CCX168 is also in Phase II studies for the treatment of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and immunoglobulin A nephropathy, or IgA nephropathy (IgAN). CCX872, a CCR2 inhibitor, successfully completed Phase I development and is in development for the treatment of non-resectable pancreatic cancer. CCX140, a distinct CCR2 inhibitor, successfully completed a Phase II clinical trial where it was shown to be safe and well tolerated while demonstrating statistically significant improvement in albuminuria in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Other clinical programs include CCX507, a next generation CCR9 inhibitor, which has successfully completed Phase I development, vercirnon (also known as Traficet-EN or CCX282) a specific CCR9 inhibitor for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, and CCX354, a CCR1 inhibitor which successfully completed a Phase II clinical trial for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. ChemoCentryx also has several programs in advanced preclinical development.
ChemoCentryx cautions that statements included in this press release that are not a description of historical facts are forward-looking statements. Words such as "may," "could," "will," "would," "should," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "intend," "predict," "seek," "contemplate," "potential," "continue" or "project" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements include the Company's statements regarding whether CCX9588 will be shown to be safe and effective in the treatment of triple negative breast cancer in combination with check point inhibitors such as an anti-PD-L1 antibody. The inclusion of forward-looking statements should not be regarded as a representation by ChemoCentryx that any of its plans will be achieved. Actual results may differ from those set forth in this release due to the risks and uncertainties inherent in the ChemoCentryx business and other risks described in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof, and ChemoCentryx undertakes no obligation to revise or update this news release to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof. Further information regarding these and other risks is included under the heading "Risk Factors" in ChemoCentryx's periodic reports filed with the SEC, including ChemoCentryx's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC March 14, 2016 and its other reports which are available from the SEC's website (www.sec.gov) and on ChemoCentryx's website (www.chemocentryx.com) under the heading "Investors." All forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. This caution is made under the safe harbor provisions of Section 21E of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
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