Respiratory Medicine

  • Rhinovirus most often caused HA-VRIs in two hospitals

    on January 13th, 2017
    FROM JOURNAL OF THE PEDIATRIC INFECTIOUS DISEASES SOCIETY Health care–associated viral respiratory infections (HA-VRIs) were common in two pediatric hospitals, with rhinovirus the most frequent cause of the infections in a 3-year analysis. The incidence rate of laboratory-confirmed HA-VRIs was 1.2[...]
  • Macitentan boosts quality of life in PAH patients

    on January 13th, 2017
    FROM CHEST Macitentan, a recent addition to the drugs that treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), improves and stabilizes quality of life for patients with the condition, according to an industry-funded study. Macitentan (Opsumit) remains tremendously expensive, costing as much as $100,000 per[...]
  • CVS selling low-cost generic epinephrine autoinjector

    on January 12th, 2017
    CVS Pharmacy is currently selling a generic epinephrine autoinjector for a price of $109.99 per two-pack, which is about one-sixth the cost of Mylan’s EpiPen two-pack. The product, an authorized generic for Adrenaclick,is manufactured by Lineage Therapeutics, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of [...]
  • Smoking-cessation interest and success vary by race, ethnicity

    on January 12th, 2017
    Just over 55% of adult cigarette smokers made an attempt to quit in the past year, and 7.4% said that they recently quit, according to investigators from the Centers or Disease Control and Prevention. Data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) show that 68% of cigarette smokers were [...]
  • Most cigarette smokers attempt to quit without evidence-based techniques

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM MMWR More than half of cigarette smokers have received advice to quit from a health care professional, but less than a third used medication or counseling in their cessation attempt, according to investigators from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2015, just over 57% of adult [...]
  • Streptococcal pneumonia’s resistance to macrolides increasing

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM IDWEEK 2016 The incidence of resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae to the macrolide azithromycin – one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics for treating pneumonia – was almost 50% in 2014, according to a report by Kara Keedy, PhD, executive director of microbiology at Cempra Pharmac[...]
  • Nailfold analysis can predict cardiopulmonary complications in systemic sclerosis

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM RHEUMATOLOGY Nailfold videocapillaroscopy can help to predict which patients with systemic sclerosis may develop serious cardiopulmonary complications, according to findings from a Dutch cross-sectional study. While individual autoantibodies seen in systemic sclerosis (SSc) are known to be asso[...]
  • Early procalcitonin testing reduced ICU costs for sepsis patients

    on January 12th, 2017
    FROM CHEST Procalcitonin (PCT) testing on the first day of ICU admission for adult patients with sepsis is associated with reduced length of stay, less antibiotic exposure, and reduced hospital and pharmacy costs, Robert A. Balk, MD, and his associates reported. The researchers analyzed data on more[...]
  • Giant cell arteritis independently raises risk for venous thromboembolism

    on January 10th, 2017
    FROM ARTHRITIS & RHEUMATOLOGY The risk of venous thromboembolism increases markedly shortly before the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis regardless of glucocorticoid exposure, peaks at the time of diagnosis, and then progressively declines, according to a matched cohort review involving more tha[...]
  • High levels of flu activity in 10 U.S. states

    on January 9th, 2017
    The 2016-2017 flu season shifted into high gear at the end of calendar year 2016, as four states were reported to be at the highest level of flu activity and six others were close behind, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For the week ending Dec. 31, 2016, Georgia, New Jer[...]
  • Osteopenia risk up in men with sarcopenia and COPD

    on January 9th, 2017
    FROM CHEST Men experiencing sarcopenia who also have been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at a significantly higher risk of developing osteopenia and osteoporosis than are men who do not suffer from COPD, according to a new study published in Chest. “Muscle depletio[...]
  • Guidelines for diagnosing TB in adults, children

    on January 6th, 2017
    FROM CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES A Clinical Practice Guideline for diagnosing pulmonary, extrapulmonary, and latent tuberculosis in adults and children has been released jointly by the American Thoracic Society, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Infectious Diseases Society of [...]
  • Confirmation CT prevents unnecessary pulmonary nodule bronchoscopy

    on December 22nd, 2016
    FROM ANNALS OF The AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY It’s probably a good idea to do a repeat CT the morning of a scheduled bronchoscopy to make sure the pulmonary nodule is still there, according to investigators from Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. From Jan. 2015 to June 2016, 116 patients there we[...]
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