Pediatrics

  • Adolescents and sleep, or the lack thereof

    on May 22nd, 2017
    Every parent will attest that bright-eyed children grow into sleepy adolescents, and the science confirms their observations. There are multiple factors that prevent adolescents from getting the sleep they need, and inadequate sleep has serious consequences – from impaired learning to depressive s[...]
  • PCV10 vaccination in Brazil nearly eliminated serotypes

    on May 22nd, 2017
    FROM VACCINE The effect of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) after 4 years of routine childhood vaccination in Brazil was near elimination of PCV10 serotypes in a study of over 500 children, said Felipe P.G. Neves, PhD, of the University of California, Berkeley, and his associates. Th[...]
  • Combo antifungal/corticosteroid creams contraindicated in children

    on May 22nd, 2017
    FROM THE JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS Don’t use combination antifungal/corticosteroid medications in children or for treating diaper dermatitis, warned Chikoti M. Wheat, MD, of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and her associates. Lotrisone is a combination product with a high-potency topical corticos[...]
  • Consider S. pyogenes in cases of pediatric intertrigo

    on May 22nd, 2017
    FROM THE JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS Beefy-red, well demarcated lesions in skin folds without satellite lesions are the clinical signs of intertrigo, and Streptococcus pyogenes may be the cause, said Anca Chiriac, MD, PhD, of Apollonia University, Iasi, Romania, and her associates. Intertrigo is frequentl[...]
  • New device that treats esophageal atresia in infants has been authorized

    on May 18th, 2017
    The FDA has authorized a medical device to treat infants up to age 1 year for esophageal atresia, called the Flourish Pediatric Esophageal Atresia Anastomosis. The device uses magnets attached to two catheters to pull the upper and lower esophagus together, closing the gap for several days until a c[...]
  • Marijuana-related visits to Colorado ED steadily increasing

    on May 18th, 2017
    FROM PAS 2017 SAN FRANCISCO (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Visits to the emergency department and urgent care by adolescents using marijuana in Colorado increased from 2005 to 2015, a retrospective study showed. The state legalized medical marijuana use in 2000 and recreational marijuana use in 2014. [...]
  • Preterm infants at high risk for RSV morbidity without immunoprophylaxis

    on May 18th, 2017
    AT PAS 17 SAN FRANCISCO (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Preterm infants born at 29-35 weeks’ gestation and hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can experience particularly severe morbidity if they have not received immunoprophylaxis, according to new industry-funded research. Across two[...]
  • Adalimumab outperforms methotrexate in treating severe pediatric plaque psoriasis

    on May 17th, 2017
    FROM THE LANCET Adalimumab appears to be a safe and effective treatment option for severe plaque psoriasis in children, outperforming methotrexate, based on the results of a phase III study, said Kim Papp, MD, PhD, of Probity Medical Research, Waterloo, Ont., and his associates. “To our knowledge,[...]
  • HPV vaccine training video improved provider knowledge, confidence

    on May 17th, 2017
    FROM PAS 17 SAN FRANCISCO (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Showing pediatric providers a 22-minute online training video about the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and how to counsel families on it improved the providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and confidence in recommending the vaccine, according to[...]
  • FDA: Some blood lead tests have reported falsely low levels since 2014

    on May 17th, 2017
    The Food and Drug Administration is recommending repeat lead testing of young children and at-risk women who were tested via a venous blood sample. The recommendation was issued May 17 after the agency discovered a probable 3-year history of inaccurate tests by the nation’s largest lead test distr[...]
  • Nausea with pediatric functional abdominal pain may mean depression, anxiety

    on May 17th, 2017
    FROM CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY Nausea appears to be an independent risk factor for current and future anxiety and depression in children with functional abdominal pain (FAP), reported Alexandra C. Russell, MD, and her associates at Vanderbilt University, Nashville. In a study of 398 c[...]
  • Intravenous tPA ups mortality in children with acute ischemic stroke

    on May 17th, 2017
    AT AAN 2017 BOSTON (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Intravenous thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is associated with adverse outcomes, including an increased risk of death, in children with acute ischemic stroke, based on a review of cases from the 2006-2010 Nationwide Inpatient Surve[...]
  • Asthma step-up therapy in children improves outcomes

    on May 16th, 2017
    AT PAS 2017 SAN FRANCISCO (FRONTLINE MEDICAL NEWS) – Stepping up pharmacotherapy in children with poorly controlled asthma resulted in fewer asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient stays than maintaining current medication therapy, a study found. Perhaps surprisingly, however[...]
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